So I asked a question on Quora, as to why there were no temples of Lord Brahma when He is, in fact the Creator.
To look at it, there are no festivals or occasions after him. Neither did I know of any of His forms.
Vishnu, as the Preserver had various forms and played an important role in the epics like Mahabharat and Ramayan. We worship many of his forms and is widely celebrated.
As for Shiva, the Destroyer, His strength and tandav is well known. Shiva Ratri is celebrated across the country with great vigor. Multiple forms of His are worshiped with many temples as well.
The question thus arises, at the Apex of this Trinity, the Creator, Preserver and the Destroyer, why is the Creator, i.e. Brahma not worshiped or doesn’t have temples to his name.
I found interesting answers and the curse behind it because of which Bramha is not widely worshiped. Also, there are only a handful temples in India dedicated to Bramha. An annual festive in the name of Brahmostava is celebrated in a grand manner at Tirupati and remains not very popular in other parts of the country.
Additionally, Dattatreya is said to be a form of him and Maa Saraswathi is considered to be His other half or a part of Him.
Another mystery in Indian mythology is solved for me.
Read on to know the answer to why there are no temples of Brahma and also the list of handful temples in India:
(i) Once it was decided that Brahma would go up (towards the sky) and try to find the head of this pillar of light (Shiva) and Vishnu would go down (under the earth) to find the foot of Shiva. Brahma then assumed the form of a swan and began his journey into the sky. Vishnu on the other hand, assumed the form of Varaha (wild boar) and bored through the earth to descend into the very depths of the world. The two of them went thus on their quest for thousands of years and even still could find no end to the pillar of light (as light has no limit). After proceeding in their quest for so long, the two of them got tired.
Vishnu decided to end his search (becoming humbled) and proceed back to the earth. At the same time, Brahma saw a Ketaki (fragrant screw pine – Pandanus Sativa, kewra in hindi and thazhampu in tamil) flower slowly wafting downwards from the sky. He stopped the flower on its way down and asked it where it was coming from. On being questioned by the creator, the flower replied that it had been placed at the top of the pillar of fire as an offering by a devotee and had fallen from there.
Unable to find the head of the pillar, Brahma decided to end his search and instead use the ketaki flower as evidence of him having reached the head.
Both Brahma and Vishnu came back to the earth in the end and when asked, Vishnu replied truthfully that he had been unable to find the feet of the fiery pillar even after a very long search going to the very ends of the universe. Brahma on the other hand (to prove his superiority over Vishnu) lied by saying that he had in fact reached the head of the pillar of fire and that he had brought the ketaki flower from the top as proof of having reached there. This false claim angered Shiva and he revealed his true form and then cursed Brahma that he would have no temple dedicated to his worship as he was undeserving (as a result of his falsity) and he also cursed the ketaki flower that henceforth she shall not be used in the worship of Shiva (as she had given false testimony when questioned).
(ii) Shatarupa Episode:
When Brahma was creating the universe, He made a female deity known as Shatarupa (one with a hundred beautiful forms). Brahma became immediately infatuated with Her. Shatarupa moved in various directions to avoid the gaze of Brahmā. But wherever She went, Brahma developed a head. Thus, Brahma developed five heads, one on each side and one above the others. In order to control Brahma, Shiva cut off one of the heads. Also, Shiva felt that Shatarupa was Brahmā’s daughter, having been created by Him. Therefore, Shiva determined, it was wrong for Brahmā to become obsessed with Her. He directed that there be no proper worship on earth for the “unholy” Brahmā.
(iii) Sage Brahmarishi Bhrigu Episode:
According to another legend, Brahma is not worshiped because of a curse by the great sage Brahmarishi Bhrigu.
One fine day a group of Rishis conducted a huge yagna. As they were reaching its end, Narada Muni came to the place. In his playful mood, he questioned the Rishis who would get the benefits of the yagna!
This has started a debate among the Rishis. Some were in favour of Brahma for he was the creator, while some wanted the benefits to go to Shiva for he was the powerful destroyer. Not to be left behind, the supporters Vishnu wanted the preserver to get the benefits. Narada amused at the arguments suggested the Rishis why don’t they test the trimurthis ( the three lords) themselves and decide who should get the benefit!!
The Rishis agreed this is a good idea and requested Bhrigu Maharishi as an able person suited for this task. Determined to test the trimurthis Maharishi Bhrigu first set his course to Satya Lok, the abode of Lord Brahma. Brahma at that time was immersed in the music of Lady Saraswati. He was so immersed that he failed to the notice the arrival of Bhrigu despite having four heads. Bhrigu already felt a bit insulted at the apparent ignorance by Brahma.
But he decided to give Brahma benefit of doubt and he occupied the seat close to Brahma without prior permission. When Brahma opened his eyes he was kind of furious to see Bhrigu sitting beside him without his permission. In his apparent anger he started admonishing the behaviour of Bhrigu.
Bhrigu took it as an insult and cursed him that due to his insolence and arrogance towards fellow beings, he will be never be worshiped in the world of humans.
B) Brahma Temples:
There are very few temples dedicated to Brahma alone as thousands of temples dedicated to the other deities.
(i) Pushkar (Rajasthan) Brahma Temple:
Brahma Temple – The Brahma temple is an important pilgrim center for the Hindus. It is nestled in the Pushkar valley, which lies beyond Nagaparvat and the Anasagar Lake. This place, full of natural beauty, holds a special place in the hearts of Indian for it is believed that Lord Brahma, together with all the gods and goddesses, performed a Yagya here. Legends also has it that the ancient lake Sarovar had appeared miraculously, when a lotus fell from the hands of Lord Brahma and dropped into this valley. Brahma Temple The most famous temple in Pushkar, this is the only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma (the creator of the universe according to Hindu mythology) in the entire country. You can identify it by its red spire and by the image of a hans (the goose considered sacred to Lord Brahma). This temple built with marble is decorated with silver coins and there is a silver turtle on the floor of the temple.
Brahma temple at Pushkar
(ii) Other Brahma Temples:
1) Kumbakonam (Tamil Nadu)
2) Thirunavaya in Kerala:
Regular pujas are held for Lord Brahma at the temple in Thirunavaya and during Navrathris, this temple comes to life with colourful festivities.
3) Asotra village in Balotra Taluka of Barmer district in Rajasthan known as Kheteshwar Brahmadham Tirtha
4) Brahma-Karmali village in Sattari Taluka in Goa
5) Khedbrahma in Gujarat
6) Khokhan village in the Kullu Valley, 4 km from Bhuntar, in the state of Himachal Pradesh
7) Sri Kalahasti near Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh
(iii) Some more places of Brahma Worship :
There is also a shrine for Brahma within the Bramhapureeshwarar temple in Thirupattur, near Trichy and a famous murti of Brahma at Mangalwedha, 52 km from Solapur district in Maharashtra, the largest of which is in Angkor Wat in Cambodia. In Khedbrahma, Gujarat, there is a statue of Brahma. A six feet tall statue was also discovered at Sopara near Mumbai.
Let me know if you have more information on the same. 🙂